Eco-Design for Airframe (EDA)
EDA is meant to tackle the environmental issues by focusing on the following challenges:
- To identify and maturate environmentally sound ("green") materials and processes for aircraft production.
- To identify and maturate environmentally sound ("green") materials and processes for aircraft maintenance and use processes.
- To improve the field of end-of-life aircraft operations after several decades of operation, including reuse, recyclability and disposal ("elimination") issues.
- To provide means for an ecolonomic design process on order to minimize the overall environmental impact of aircraft production, use/maintenance, and disposal.
|Process emission: e.g.CO2||Quantitative||ACARE, Emission trading||For each phase, sum of the total amount of the CO2 emitted by all the processes (direct emissions and indirect emissions i.e. produced when producing the energy.||20% reduction|
|Hazardous material||Qualitative||REACH||Qualitative mark using the list of the substances used by the manufacturing of each material.||Compliance to regulations|
|Energy||Quantitative||Resource consumption||For each phase, sum of the total amount of the energy used by all the processes (energy direct and energy indirect i.e. required to produce the direct energy or recover by incineration for the end of life phase).||15% reduction|
|Recycling of material||Qualitative||Future regulation on recycling and waste management||Qualitative mark using 4 criteria: homogeneity, compatibility, capacity of segregation and recycling.|